If you get your news from Fox News—and only Fox News—you’re less informed than someone with zero news exposure, according to a new study.
The study by Farleigh Dickinson University‘s PublicMind asked 1,185 random people nationwide four questions about domestic affairs and four about international affairs. For domestic news, people who watch only Fox News answered on average 1.08 questions correctly. People who watch either just CNN or just MSNBC got 1.26 questions right; those with no exposure to the news answered 1.22 correctly.
“These differences may be small, but even small differences are important when we’re talking about millions of people,” Dan Cassino, political scientist and poll analyst, said in a press release. “We expect that watching the news should help people learn, but the most popular of the national media sources—Fox, CNN, MSNBC—seem to be the least informative.”
The study found that NPR listeners were the most informed.
Here’s the full breakdown:
The report determined that partisan news sources, such as Fox News and MSNBC, make people less informed about current events. For example, liberals and moderates who watched Fox News only answered fewer questions correctly than conservative Fox-only watchers. Same deal on the other side of the partisan divide with conservative vs. liberal/moderate MSNBC viewers.
You can read the questions Farleigh Dickinson asked at the Poynter Institute.
Last year, Fairleigh Dickinson conducted a similar study, which reached similar conclusions. Some readers were skeptical of the study because—among other reasons—it only questioned people in New Jersey.
The current research surveyed people nationwide, but people are still questioning the findings. The Atlantic‘s James Fallows posted a reasoned argument from a statistician on why readers should take the study with a grain of salt.
The Atlantic reader explains four reasons to be skeptical:
1. It was conducted as a telephone survey.
2. Only eight questions were asked.
3. The deep breakdown of data in the survey.
4. Lack of standard errors on the correct answers statistics.
Read his explanations about each point here.