How to analyze information disorder for a strategic response

With the threat of weaponized information threatening organizations large and small, here are some tips to help protect yourself from malicious fake news.

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Misinformation and disinformation are often conflated; however, the two are not interchangeable terms. Both terms, as well as the term “malinformation,” are distinctly different.

The three terms were framed more than four years ago by Claire Wardle and Hossein Derkhshan under the umbrella of information disorder in the research reported and supported by the Council of Europe, Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy at Harvard Kennedy School, and First Draft, all of which remain exceptional resources for communicators encountering mis-, dis-, or mal-information.

Defining mis-, dis-, and mal-information

Wardle and Derkhshan’s definitions couple meaning with intent:

Analyzing information disorder

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