Misinformation and disinformation are often conflated; however, the two are not interchangeable terms. Both terms, as well as the term “malinformation,” are distinctly different.
The three terms were framed more than four years ago by Claire Wardle and Hossein Derkhshan under the umbrella of information disorder in the research reported and supported by the Council of Europe, Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy at Harvard Kennedy School, and First Draft, all of which remain exceptional resources for communicators encountering mis-, dis-, or mal-information.
Defining mis-, dis-, and mal-information
Wardle and Derkhshan’s definitions couple meaning with intent:
Analyzing information disorder